HISTORY OF FILM: TIMELINE

by Dr-Faustus | created - 07 Jul 2011 | updated - 4 days ago | Public

A chronological list relating to the drama, history, and art of film.

Please note: This is a work in progress.

Some titles may be listed more than once in relation to a particular subject. Relevant years appear highlighted in red, between curly brackets - {Year}. Movie milestones are accompanied by a short description. Where applicable; documentaries and relevant links relating to the films themselves, specific persons, related topics, or historical events, have been included.

Part 1 - Numbers 10 to 922: Chronological History of Film: The films, the studios, and related film-subjects.

Quick access links:

| The 1800s | The 1900s | The 1910s | The 1920s | The 1930s | The 1940s | The 1950s |

Researched, edited, and quoted extensively from: Filmsite - Tim Dirks, IMDb, Wikipedia, and various other movie-related sites. ____

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1. The Artist (I) (2011)

PG-13 | 100 min | Comedy, Drama, Romance

7.9
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89 Metascore

A silent movie star meets a young dancer, but the arrival of talking pictures sends their careers in opposite directions.

Director: Michel Hazanavicius | Stars: Jean Dujardin, Bérénice Bejo, John Goodman, James Cromwell

Votes: 204,480 | Gross: $44.67M

An introductory film to this list. Included as a great homage to silent film and it's inevitable transition to the 'talkies'. Profoundly affecting both artist and audience alike.

The Artist - Wikipedia: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Artist_(film).

Silent film - Wikipedia: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Silent_film.

Sound film ("talkies") - Wikipedia: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sound_film.

Link: IMDb: Silent Feature Films Released No Later Than 1940 With At Least 5 Votes.

2. These Amazing Shadows (2011)

Not Rated | 88 min | Documentary

7.6
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Tells the history and importance of The National Film Registry, a roll call of American cinema treasures that reflects the diversity of film, and indeed the American experience itself.

Directors: Paul Mariano, Kurt Norton | Stars: Jeff Adachi, James H. Billington, Robin Blaetz, Brooks Boliek

Votes: 1,410

Film Preservation: A Historical Necessity.

Film-history/Films selected to 'The National Film Registry (National Film Preservation Board, Library of Congress).

Reference Link: IMDb: National Film Board Preserved Titles.

National Film Registry: //www.loc.gov/film/filmnfr.html.

National Film Registry - Wikipedia: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Film_Registry.

These Amazing Shadows - Wikipedia: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/These_Amazing_Shadows.

3. Cave of Forgotten Dreams (2010)

G | 90 min | Documentary, History

7.4
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86 Metascore

Werner Herzog gains exclusive access to film inside the Chauvet caves of Southern France and captures the oldest known pictorial creations of humanity.

Director: Werner Herzog | Stars: Werner Herzog, Jean Clottes, Julien Monney, Jean-Michel Geneste

Votes: 12,895 | Gross: $5.23M

An introduction to The History of Film:

If one is to trace the true birthplace of film, one would have to trace it all the way back to the dawn of mankind itself. Through man's development he learned to communicate. Passing on information, finding the means to record data, and gaining the ability to express himself through symbolic imagery and story-telling. This evolution of data and story-telling, passed on from one generation to the next, is the basis by which eventually, film, as we know it, evolved. And though technology has made unprecedented advances in all facets of our modern world, the basis that had been laid down those many thousands of years ago, remains very much the same.

Precursors of film - Wikipedia: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Precursors_of_film.

Werner Herzog quote: "The artist painted this bison with eight legs, suggesting movement - almost a form of proto-cinema."

Cave of Forgotten Dreams - Wikipedia: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cave_of_Forgotten_Dreams.

4. Le fantôme d'Henri Langlois (2004)

Not Rated | 128 min | Documentary, Biography, History

7.9
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78 Metascore

Life and work of the founder of the Cinémathèque Française.

Director: Jacques Richard | Stars: Henri Alekan, Catherine Allégret, Jo Amorin, Jean-Michel Arnold

Votes: 354

Film Preservation: A Historical Necessity.

Henri Langlois was a French film archivist and cinephile. A pioneer of film preservation, and an influential figure in the history of cinema. In 1974, Langlois received an honorary Academy Award for 'his devotion to the art of film, his massive contributions in preserving its past and his unswerving faith in its future'.

Henri Langlois - Wikipedia: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henri_Langlois.

5. Langlois (1970)

52 min | Documentary, Biography

6.7
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Henri Langlois tour of French Cinemathèque early locations.

Directors: Roberto Guerra, Eila Hershon | Stars: Kenneth Anger, Ingrid Bergman, Catherine Deneuve, Lillian Gish

Votes: 23

Related subject: Henri Langlois.

6. The Story of Film: An Odyssey (2011– )

60 min | Documentary, History

8.4
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A comprehensive history of the medium and art of motion pictures.

Stars: Mark Cousins, Juan Diego Botto, Aleksandr Sokurov, Norman Lloyd

Votes: 3,308

An overview in one package: A comprehensive history of film.

The Story of Film: An Odyssey - Wikipedia: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Story_of_Film:_An_Odyssey.

7. Hollywood (1980– )

60 min | Documentary, History

9.2
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The definitive documentary about the American silent film industry.

Stars: James Mason, Viola Dana, Byron Haskin, Colleen Moore

Votes: 573

An overview in one package: A comprehensive history of the American silent film industry.

Hollywood (1980 TV series) - Wikipedia: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hollywood_(documentary).

8. Moguls & Movie Stars: A History of Hollywood (2010– )

Documentary, History

8.6
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The history of Hollywood film from the medium's invention to the birth of the New Hollywood in 1970.

Stars: Christopher Plummer, Daniel Selznick, Gregory Orr, Samuel Goldwyn Jr.

Votes: 305

An overview in one package: A comprehensive history of Hollywood pioneers and their films.

Moguls and Movie Stars - Wikipedia: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moguls_and_Movie_Stars.

9. Cinema Europe: The Other Hollywood (1995– )

348 min | Documentary, History

8.7
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Documentary mini-series about the rise and fall of the European silent film industry.

Stars: Kenneth Branagh, Jean-Louis Trintignant, Ulrich Tukur, Sidney Gilliat

Votes: 329

An overview in one package: A comprehensive history of the European silent film industry.

Cinema Europe: The Other Hollywood - Wikipedia: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cinema_Europe:_The_Other_Hollywood.

10. Was geschah wirklich zwischen den Bildern? (1986)

83 min | Documentary

7.1
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Director: Werner Nekes | Star: Werner Nekes

Votes: 116

The 1800s: The 19th Century was a time of astounding historical events, from elections that shaped America to disasters that shocked the world, to advances in transportation, science, and engineering.

1800s Timeline: //history1800s.about.com/od/1800sglossary/a/1800stimeline.htm.

Part 1: Chronological History of Film: The 1800s:

History of film - Wikipedia: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_film.

List of years in film - Wikipedia: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/list_of_years _in_film.

Link: IMDb: Movie Terminology Glossary.

Start: {1827}: First still photograph taken, using a glass plate technique Claude Niepce's photograph the 'View from a Window at Le Gras' took nearly eight hours to expose.

View from the Window at Le Gras -Wikipedia: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/View_from_the_Window_at_Le_Gras.

Milestones in Photography - National Geographic: //photography.nationalgeographic.com/photography/photos/milestones-photography/.

{1832}: Joseph Plateau and sons introduce the Phenakistoscope. Like other toys of its kind, the Phenakistoscope was one of the more successful illusion toys. Pictures on one disc viewed through slots in the other, appeared to move when the two were spun and viewed in a mirror.

Phenakistoscope - Wikipedia: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phenakistoscope.

{1834}: Another illusion toy - the Zoetrope was introduced by William George Horner. The Zoetrope used the same principle as Plateau's Phenakistoscope but instead of discs the pictures and slots are combined in a rotating drum. Zoetropes were widely sold after 1867.

Zoetrope - Wikipedia: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zoetrope.

{1839}: Henry Fox Talbot makes an important advancement in photograph production with the introduction of negatives on paper - as opposed to glass. Also around this time it became possible to print photographic images on glass slides which could be projected using magic lanterns.

Henry Fox Talbot - Wikipedia: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_Fox_Talbot.

{1846}: Important in the development of motion pictures was the invention of intermittent mechanisms - particularly those used in sewing machines.

{1877}: Emile Reynaud introduces the Praxinoscope. Similar in design to Horner's Zoetrope, the illusion of movement produced by the Praxinoscope was viewed on mirrors in the center of the drum rather than through slots on the outside.

Praxinoscope - Wikipedia: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Praxinoscope.

11. The Origins of Scientific Cinematography: The Pioneers (1990)

52 min | Documentary

8.7
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Director: Virgilio Tosi

Votes: 6

Related topic: Part 1. History of Cinematography: The Pioneers.

Cinematography - Wikipedia: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cinematography.

12. The Origins of Scientific Cinematography: Technical Developments Around the Turn of the Century (1992)

17 min | Documentary, Short

8.3
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Director: Virgilio Tosi

Votes: 6

Related topic: Part 2. History of Cinematography: Technical Developments Around the Turn of the Century.

History of film technology - Wikipedia: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_film_technology.

13. The Origins of Scientific Cinematography: Early Applications (1993)

30 min | Documentary, Short

8.0
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Director: Virgilio Tosi

Votes: 5

Related topic: Part 3. History of Cinematography: Early Applications.

Cinematography in healthcare - Wikipedia: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cinematography_in_healthcare.

14. Moguls & Movie Stars: A History of Hollywood (2010– )
Episode: Peepshow Pioneers: 1889-1907 (2010)

Not Rated | 119 min | Documentary, History

8.1
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Audiences were watching projected images as early as the 18th century. But the pictures were drawings, and they didn't move. That would come in the 1880s. The first movie pioneers were ... See full summary »

Stars: Christopher Plummer, Terry Borton, Paul Israel, Charles Musser

Votes: 39

Related topic: Specifically; Episode 1: Peepshow Pioneers. The first movie pioneers.

15. Eadweard Muybridge, Zoopraxographer (1975)

Not Rated | 59 min | Documentary, Biography

7.7
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A documentary film about the English photographer Eadweard Muybridge.

Directors: Thom Andersen, Fay Andersen, Morgan Fisher | Stars: Dean Stockwell, Eadweard Muybridge

Votes: 165

{1878}: British photographer Eadweard Muybridge takes the first successful photographs of motion, showing how people and animals move. Muybridge was asked, in 1873, by the ex-governor of California - Leland Stanford to settle a bet as to whether horses hooves left the ground when they galloped. He did this by setting up a bank of twelve cameras with trip-wires connected to their shutters, each camera took a picture when the horse tripped its wire. He adapted Horner's Zoetrope to produce his Zoopraxiscope.

Eadweard Muybridge - Wikipedia: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eadweard_Muybridge.

Leland Stanford - Wikipedia: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leland_Stanford.

Zoopraxiscope - Wikipedia: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zoopraxiscope.

16. Sallie Gardner at a Gallop (1878)

1 min | Short

7.4
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The clip shows a jockey, Domm, riding a horse, Sally Gardner. The clip is not filmed but instead consists of 24 individual photographs shot in rapid succession, making a moving picture when using a zoopraxiscope.

Director: Eadweard Muybridge | Star: Gilbert Domm

Votes: 1,266

Related subject: Eadweard Muybridge.

A production experiment by Eadweard Muybridge on (June 15, 1878) that led to the development of motion pictures. The motion picture consists of 24 photographs in a fast-motion series that were shown on a Zoopraxinoscope.

Sallie Gardner at a Gallop - Wikipedia: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sallie_Gardner_at_a_Gallop.

In {1880}, Muybridge first projected moving images on a screen when he gave a presentation at the California School of Fine Arts; this was the earliest known motion picture exhibition.

17. The Human Figure in Motion (2012)

2 min | Short

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An experimental film which attempts to chart the development of photographic and motion picture technology. Recreating the work of pioneering photographer Edweard Muybridge, turning the ... See full summary »

Director: Jez Toogood | Star: Ben Rushgrove

Related subject: Eadweard Muybridge.

18. Homage to Eadweard Muybridge (1994)

Not Rated | 2 min | Short

6.5
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David Hanson edits together 11 separate photo series done between 1877 and 1885 by Eadweard Muybridge to make 11 short films. Most are of women moving: upstairs, downstairs, setting down a ... See full summary »

Director: Eadweard Muybridge

Votes: 112

Related subject: Eadweard Muybridge.

19. Fények virradat elött (1984)

5 min | Animation, Short

7.4
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An homage to Emile Reynaud, the first man to project animated films on a public screen.

Director: Sándor Békési

Votes: 16

{1882}: Émile Reynaud expands on his Praxinoscope and using mirrors and a lantern is about to project moving drawings onto a screen. He becomes the first man to project animated films on a public screen.

Charles-Émile Reynaud - Wikipedia: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles-Émile_Reynaud.

20. Walt Disney's Wonderful World of Color (1954–1991)
Episode: The Story of the Animated Drawing (1955)

Not Rated | 60 min | Adventure, Biography, Drama

7.9
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Walt Disney discusses the history of animation.

Directors: William Beaudine, Wilfred Jackson | Stars: Walt Disney, The Philadelphia Orchestra, Leopold Stokowski, Oliver Wallace

Votes: 52

Related topic: Specifically; Season 2, Episode 11: 'The Story of the Animated Drawing'-(1955).

The history of animation & animation techniques throughout the ages.

History of animation - Wikipedia: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_animation.

Link: IMDb: Genre: Animation.

21. Falling Cat (1894)

1 min | Short

5.8
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A cat falls down and lands on its feet.

Director: Étienne-Jules Marey

Votes: 516

{1882}: Étienne-Jules Marey in France develops a camera, shaped like a gun, that can take twelve pictures per second.

In (1894): 'Falling Cat' filmed on one take by Etienne-Jules Marey as an experiment to show if cats really do always land on all four feet at the same time.

'Falling Cat' features the first cat on a motion picture in history.

Falling cat problem - Wikipedia: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Falling_cat_problem.

Étienne-Jules Marey - Wikipedia: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Étienne-Jules_Marey.

22. Man Walking Around the Corner (1887)

1 min | Short

5.2
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A frame sequence featuring a man walking around a corner.

Director: Louis Aimé Augustin Le Prince

Votes: 711

{1887}: The oldest known film. Directed by Louis Aimé Augustin Le Prince. The images were shot in Paris, at the corner of Rue Bochard de Saron (where Le Prince was living).

1887 in film - Wikipedia: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1887_in_film.

Louis Le Prince - Wikipedia: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Louis_Le_Prince.

23. Roundhay Garden Scene (1888)

Not Rated | 1 min | Documentary, Short

7.5
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In the garden, a man asks his friends to do something silly for him to record on film.

Director: Louis Aimé Augustin Le Prince | Stars: Annie Hartley, Adolphe Le Prince, Joseph Whitley, Sarah Whitley

Votes: 4,239

{1888}: One of the oldest surviving celluloid films. Directed by Louis Le Prince.

Roundhay Garden Scene - Wikipedia: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roundhay_Garden_Scene.

Link: IMDb: Feature Films Released in 1888.

24. Traffic Crossing Leeds Bridge (1888)

Documentary, Short

6.9
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A shot of people walking on The Leeds Bridge.

Director: Louis Aimé Augustin Le Prince

Votes: 2,188

{1888}: The second film made after 'Roundhay Garden Scene'. Directed by Louis Le Prince.

Traffic Crossing Leeds Bridge - Wikimedia: //commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Traffic_Crossing_Leeds_Bridge_film.ogg.

25. American Experience (1988– )
Episode: George Eastman: The Wizard of Photography (2000)

Not Rated | 60 min | Documentary, Biography, History

7.0
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Director: James A. DeVinney | Stars: Mark Adrian, Guy Balotine, David Burgwardt, Robert Caswell

Votes: 7

{1888}: George Eastman devises a still camera which produces photographs on sensitized paper which he sells using the name Kodak.

George Eastman - Wikipedia: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Eastman.

26. Leisurely Pedestrians, Open Topped Buses and Hansom Cabs with Trotting Horses (1889)

Documentary, Short

5.8
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Director: William Friese-Greene

Votes: 225

{1889}: An alleged British short film, shot by inventor and film pioneer William Friese-Greene on celluloid film using his 'chronophotographic' camera. The 20 feet of film, which was shot in January 1889 at Apsley Gate, Hyde Park, London, was claimed to be the first motion picture, until pre-dating footage shot by Louis Le Prince was discovered. It was never publicly shown and is now considered a lost film with no surviving prints or stills.

William Friese-Greene - Wikipedia: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Friese-Greene.

Link: IMDb: Feature Films Released in 1889.

27. Hyde Park Corner (1889)

Short

5.7
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Director: William Friese-Greene

Votes: 97

Related topic: William Friese-Greene. Lost film.

28. Edison: The Invention of the Movies (2005 Video)

730 min | Documentary

8.4
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A history of the Edison Company, the pioneering film production company begun by Thomas A. Edison. Included are more than 140 complete films produced by the company between 1891 and 1918, ... See full summary »

Stars: Thomas A. Edison, Steven Higgins, Paul Israel, Patrick Loughney

Votes: 44

{1889}: Thomas Edison and William K.L. Dickson develop the Kinetoscope, a peep-show device in which film is moved past a light.

Kinetoscope - Wikipedia: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kinetoscope.

In (1893): Thomas Edison displays his Kinetoscope at the World's Columbian Exhibition in Chicago and receives patents for his movie camera, the Kinetograph, and his peepshow device.

Thomas Edison constructs the world's first motion picture production studio in West Orange, New Jersey. The Black Maria, or the Kinetographic Theater (dubbed 'The Doghouse' by Edison).

Edison's Black Maria - Wikipedia: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edison's_Black_Maria.

In (1894): Coin-operated Kinetoscopes appear in a New York City amusement arcade.

In (1896): Thomas Edison's company, using a projector built by Thomas Armat and C. Francis Jenkins, projects hand-tinted motion pictures in New York City.

Note: History/Thomas A. Edison. This documentary features complete films produced by the company from (1890) to (1918).

Link: IMDb: List of Films Featured.

Thomas Edison - Wikipedia: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Edison.

William Kennedy Dickson - Wikipedia: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Kennedy_Dickson.

29. Edison (2015)

TV-PG | 113 min

7.8
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Edison explores the complex alchemy that accounts for the enduring celebrity of America's most famous inventor, offering new perspectives on the man and his milieu, and illuminating not ... See full summary »

Stars: Thomas A. Edison, Henry Ford, Michael Murphy

Votes: 13

Related topic: Thomas Edison.

30. Monkeyshines, No. 1 (1890)

Not Rated | 1 min | Short, Comedy, Family

5.1
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One of W.K.L. Dickson's laboratory workers horses around for the camera.

Directors: William K.L. Dickson, William Heise | Star: Giuseppe Sacco Albanese

Votes: 960

{1889 or 1890}: Scholars have differing opinions on whether the first 'Monkeyshines' was shot in June 1889, starring John Ott or sometime between November 21-27, 1890, starring G. Sacco Albanese. An experimental film made to test the original cylinder format of the Kinetoscope, is believed to be the first film shot in the United States, and the first film series. Monkeyshines, No. 2 and Monkeyshines, No. 3 quickly followed to test further conditions.

Monkeyshines - Wikipedia: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monkeyshines.

Link: IMDb: Feature Films Released in 1890.

31. Monkeyshines, No. 2 (1890)

1 min | Short

5.0
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In an experiment that follows up on the results of 'Monkeyshines, No. 1', an Edison company worker again moves around in front of the motion picture camera.

Directors: William K.L. Dickson, William Heise | Star: Giuseppe Sacco Albanese

Votes: 694

Related subject: Number two in the series.

32. Monkeyshines, No. 3 (1890)

1 min | Short

4.6
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An Edison company worker makes large gestures in front of a Kinetoscope to test the new camera system.

Directors: William K.L. Dickson, William Heise | Star: Giuseppe Sacco Albanese

Votes: 228

Related subject: Number three in the series.

33. Dickson Greeting (1891)

Not Rated | 1 min | Short

5.4
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"A little while ago there was a great convention of women's clubs of America. Mrs. Edison is interested in women's clubs and their work and she decided to entertain the Presidents of the ... See full summary »

Director: William K.L. Dickson | Star: William K.L. Dickson

Votes: 962

{1891}: Although this is often incorrectly credited as the first film made in the USA, it was, in fact the second. Dickson's 'Monkeyshines No. 1, seems to actually be the first American film, though it was not shown to the public upon completion. This was, however, the very first American (and Edison) film shown to public audiences and the press. At the National Federation of Women's Clubs.

Link: IMDb: Feature Films Released in 1891.

34. Pauvre Pierrot (1892)

4 min | Animation, Comedy, Short

6.6
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One night, Arlequin come to see his lover Colombine. But then Pierrot knocks at the door and Colombine and Arlequin hide. Pierrot starts singing but Arlequin scares him and the poor man goes away.

Director: Émile Reynaud

Votes: 914

{1892}: On October 28, 1892 Charles-Émile Reynaud gave the first public performance of a moving picture show at the Musée Grévin in Paris, the Théâtre Optique. The show, billed as Pantomimes Lumineuses, included three cartoons. Reynaud gave the whole presentation himself manipulating the images. 'Pauvre Pierrot' consists of 500 individually painted images and is one of the first animated films ever made.

Théâtre Optique - Wikipedia: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Théâtre_Optique.

Pauvre Pierrot - Wikipedia: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pauvre_Pierrot.

Link: IMDb: Animation Short Films Released No Later Than 1920.

Link: IMDb: Animation Feature Films Released No Later Than 1920.

Link: IMDb: Feature Films Released in 1892.

35. Un bon bock (1892)

Animation, Short

6.4
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Director: Émile Reynaud

Votes: 93

Related topic: 'Un bon bock' consists of 700 individually painted images and is likewise one of the first animated films ever made, and the first to be screened on Reynaud's modified Praxinoscope, the optical theatre.

Un bon bock - Wikipedia: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Un_bon_bock.

36. Le clown et ses chiens (1892)

5 min | Animation, Short

6.5
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Short film of 300 individually painted images.

Director: Émile Reynaud

Votes: 154

Related topic: 'Le clown et ses chiens' consists of 300 individually painted images and is likewise one of the first animated films ever made.

Le Clown et ses chiens - Wikipedia: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Le_Clown_et_ses_chiens.

37. An Edison Album (2013 TV Movie)

84 min | Documentary, Comedy, Fantasy

7.8
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A compilation of very short films produced by Thomas Edison's company in the early years of filmmaking (1893-1912).

Votes: 17

{1893}: Thomas Edison constructs the world's first motion picture production studio in West Orange, New Jersey. The Black Maria, or the Kinetograph Theater (dubbed 'The Doghouse' by Edison).

Link: IMDb: Feature Films Released in 1893.

38. Blacksmith Scene (1893)

Unrated | 1 min | Short

6.2
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Three men hammer on an anvil and pass a bottle of beer around.

Director: William K.L. Dickson | Stars: Charles Kayser, John Ott

Votes: 1,600

{1893}: The first film that the Edison company made for commercial distribution; hence it's place on the National Film Registry as the starting point in the American motion picture industry.

Shown in public on May 9, 1893.

It is also the earliest known example of actors performing a role in a film.

39. Dickson Experimental Sound Film (1894)

Not Rated | 1 min | Short

6.8
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The sound has been found in the form of an old Edisonian recording cylinder. The cylinder was repaired, then Walter Murch ACE MPSE synced the film to the correct music in (I believe) 2002. Total running time is approximately 17 seconds.

Director: William K.L. Dickson | Star: William K.L. Dickson

Votes: 1,569

{1894}: The first known (and only surviving) film with live recorded sound, made to test a prototype sound-film system devised by Thomas Edison and William K.L. Dickson, called the Kinetophone.

The Dickson Experimental Sound Film - Wikipedia: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Dickson_Experimental_Sound_Film.

Link: IMDb: Feature Films Released in 1894.

40. The Dawn of Sound: How Movies Learned to Talk (2007 Video)

85 min | Documentary

7.8
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The nearly 30-year struggle to bring sound to motion pictures is the backdrop for this insightful documentary. Film historians, and survivors from the era take the audience from the early ... See full summary »

Stars: Mark Hunt, Ron Hutchinson, Scott Eyman, Rudy Behlmer

Votes: 97

Related topic: Motion Picture Sound.

Link: IMDb: List of Films Featured.

41. Edison Kinetoscopic Record of a Sneeze (1894)

1 min | Documentary, Short

5.6
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A man (Thomas Edison's assistant) takes a pinch of snuff and sneezes. This is one of the earliest Thomas Edison films and was the first motion picture to be copyrighted in the United States.

Director: William K.L. Dickson | Star: Fred Ott

Votes: 1,420

{1894}: (aka Fred Ott's Sneeze) became the first film officially registered for copyright. It was one of the first series of short films made by William K.L. Dickson for the Kinetoscope viewer in Edison's Black Maria Studio with fellow assistant Fredd Ott.

Fred Ott's Sneeze - Wikipedia: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fred_Ott%27s_Sneeze.

42. 100 Years at the Movies (1994 TV Short)

9 min | Documentary, Short

8.1
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Commemorates the centennial of American movies with a montage of clips and music scores from the most important movies of the century.

Director: Chuck Workman | Stars: Woody Allen, Julie Andrews, Fred Astaire, Dan Aykroyd

Votes: 626

Features films from {1894-1993}: Historical Montage.

43. The First 100 Years: A Celebration of American Movies (1995 TV Movie)

90 min | Documentary

7.9
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Based on the first centenary of the largest exporter of films in the world, that is Hollywood, is the story told by its protagonists, actors and writers and other people who made life in ... See full summary »

Director: Chuck Workman | Stars: Peter Coyote, Robert Altman, Roscoe 'Fatty' Arbuckle, Fred Astaire

Votes: 182

Features films from {1894-1994}: History of American Movies.

Link: IMDb: List of Films Featured.

44. Carmencita (1894)

Not Rated | 1 min | Documentary, Short

5.8
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Performing on what looks like a small wooden stage, wearing a dress with a hoop skirt and white high-heeled pumps, Carmencita does a dance with kicks and twirls, a smile always on her face.

Director: William K.L. Dickson | Star: Carmencita

Votes: 1,335

{1894}: Directed and produced by Edison's employee William K.L. Dickson. Spanish dancer Carmencita was the first woman to appear in front of an Edison motion picture camera, and quite possibly the first female to appear in a US motion picture. In some cases, the projection of the scandalous film on a Kinetoscope was forbidden, because it revealed Carmencita's legs and undergarments as she twirled and danced. This was one of the earliest cases of censorship in the moving picture industry.

This is also the first movie to be listed on the IMDb.

Carmencita - Wikipedia: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carmencita_(film).

45. Mexican Knife Duel (1894)

Short, Action

5.2
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Two Mexican men duel with knives.

Director: William K.L. Dickson | Stars: Pedro Esquivel, Dionecio Gonzales

Votes: 11

{1894}: First movie ever to portray Mexican people.

46. The Story of Film: An Odyssey (2011– )
Episode: Birth of the Cinema (2011)

TV-PG | 64 min | Documentary, History

8.0
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The Story of Film looks at the birth of cinema. It examines the period 1895-1918 where early film pioneers created the first moving pictures. It also look at the period 1903-1918 and the ... See full summary »

Director: Mark Cousins | Stars: Mark Cousins, Jean-Michel Frodon, Agnes de Mille, Cari Beauchamp

Votes: 202

{1895-1918}: Specifically; Episode 1: Birth of the Cinema. Film pioneers and film techniques are examined.

Link: IMDb: Feature Films Released in 1895.

47. Charles Pathé et Léon Gaumont, premiers géants du cinéma (2016 TV Movie)

86 min | Documentary

7.7
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Directors: Emmanuelle Nobécourt, Gaëlle Royer | Stars: Charles Pathé, Léon Gaumont, Alice Guy, Joë Hamman

Votes: 13

{1895}: The Gaumont Film Company is a French mini-major film studio, founded on June 23, 1895 by the engineer-turned-inventor Léon Gaumont. It is the first and oldest film company in the world, founded before other studios such as Pathé (founded in 1896), Titanus (1904), Nordisk Film (1906), Universal and Paramount Pictures (both founded in 1912).

48. The Lumière Brothers' First Films (1996)

Unrated | 61 min | Documentary, History

8.1
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A collection of short films made by the Lumiere brothers, a team of pioneering filmmakers in turn-of-the-century France.

Stars: Mrs. Auguste Lumiere, Antoine Lumière, Auguste Lumière, Bertrand Tavernier

Votes: 325

{1895}: Two French brothers, Louis and Auguste Lumière patent a combination movie camera and projector, capable of projecting an image that can be seen by many people, called the Cinematograph. In Paris, they present the first commercial exhibition of projected motion pictures.

Cinematograph - Wikipedia: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cinematograph.

Auguste and Louis Lumière - Wikipedia: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Auguste_and_Louis_Lumière.

49. Employees Leaving the Lumière Factory (1895)

1 min | Documentary, Short

6.9
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A man opens the big gates to the Lumière factory. Through the gateway and a smaller doorway beside it, workers are streaming out, turning either left or right. Most of them are women in ... See full summary »

Director: Louis Lumière

Votes: 4,780

{1895}: Directed by Louis Lumière. The first film to be projected to a paying audience. Released March 22, 1895. This short documentary film is often referred to as the first real motion picture ever made. Although, Louis Le Prince's 'Roundhay Garden Scene'-(1888), pre-dated it by seven years.

Workers Leaving the Lumière Factory - Wikipedia: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Workers_Leaving_the_Lumière_Factory.

50. Louis Lumière (1968 TV Movie)

66 min | Documentary

8.3
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Eric Rohmer leads a conversation with Jean Renoir and Henri Langlois on the art of filmmaker Louis Lumière. The cinematographic pioneer Lumière produced thousands of documentaries in the ... See full summary »

Director: Éric Rohmer | Stars: Jean Renoir, Henri Langlois, Éric Rohmer

Votes: 320

Related topic: Louis Lumière.

52. Young Griffo v. Battling Charles Barnett (1895)

4 min | Documentary, Short, Sport

3.9
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Director: Otway Latham | Stars: Charles Barnett, Young Griffo

Votes: 8

{1895}: One of the first motion pictures in the world to be screened for a paying audience on May 20, 1895, at a storefront at 156 Broadway in New York City.

Young Griffo - Wikipedia: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Young_Griffo.

53. Tables Turned on the Gardener (1895)

1 min | Comedy, Short

7.2
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A gardener is watering his flowers, when a mischievous boy sneaks up behind his back, and puts a foot on the water hose. The gardener is surprised, and looks into the nozzle to find out why... See full summary »

Director: Louis Lumière | Stars: François Clerc, Benoît Duval

Votes: 3,444

{1895}: Original title: 'L'Arroseur Arrosé' (Aka: 'The Waterer Watered and The Sprinkler Sprinkled'). Directed and produced by Louis Lumière. It has the distinction of being one of the earliest known instances of film comedy, as well as the first use of film to portray a fictional story.

L'Arroseur Arrosé - Wikipedia: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/L'Arroseur_Arrosé.

Link: IMDb: Comedy Short Films Released No later Than 1900.

Link: IMDb: Comedy Feature Films Released No Later Than 1900.

54. Annabelle Serpentine Dance (1895)

1 min | Documentary, Short

6.5
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Annabelle (Whitford) Moore performs one of her popular dance routines. She uses her dance steps and her long, flowing skirts to create a variety of visual patterns.

Directors: William K.L. Dickson, William Heise | Star: Annabelle Moore

Votes: 1,565

{1895}: Possibly the first color film. Many of the prints were distributed in color, which was hand-tinted. Filmed in black and white and then colored by hand.

Annabelle Serpentine Dance - Wikipedia: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Annabelle_Serpentine_Dance.

55. Clovelly Cottage, Barnet (1895)

Documentary, Short

5.7
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Votes: 6

{1895}: This film, by Robert W. Paul and Birt Acres, is the first film to be made in the United Kingdom.

Brit Acres - Wikipedia: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Birt_Acres.

Robert W. Paul - Wikipedia: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_W._Paul.

56. Dreamland: A History of Early Canadian Movies 1895-1939 (1974)

86 min | Documentary

7.4
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The early history of Canadian film making before the establishment of the National Film Board of Canada.

Director: Donald Brittain | Stars: Gordon Sparling, Nat Taylor, Grey Owl, William Lyon Mackenzie King

Votes: 27

Features Canadian films from {1895-1939}.

Link: IMDb: List of Films Featured.

Related topic: Cinema of Canada - Wikipedia: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cinema_of_Canada.

57. The Conjuring of a Woman at the House of Robert Houdin (1896)

1 min | Short, Horror

6.4
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As an elegant maestro of mirage and delusion drapes his beautiful female assistant with a gauzy textile, much to our amazement, the lady vanishes into thin air.

Director: Georges Méliès | Stars: Jeanne d'Alcy, Georges Méliès

Votes: 1,077

{1896}: Georges Méliès first film based on a trick of substitution. One of the earliest instances of trick photography with stop-action. An early special effect.

Stop trick - Wikipedia: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stop_trick.

The Vanishing Lady - Wikipedia: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Vanishing_Lady.

Georges Méliès - Wikipedia: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Georges_Méliès.

Link: IMDb: Feature Films Released in 1896.

58. The House of the Devil (1896)

3 min | Short, Horror

6.7
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With the help of a magic cauldron, Mephistopheles conjures up a variety of supernatural characters.

Director: Georges Méliès | Stars: Jeanne d'Alcy, Jules-Eugène Legris, Georges Méliès

Votes: 1,934

{1896}: The roots of horror films, and vampire films in particular, may also be traced back to this Georges Méliès short film.

Le Manoir du diable (The Haunted Castle, or The Devil's Castle, or The Devil's Manor, or The Manor of the Devil, or The House of the Devil) - Wikipedia: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Haunted_Castle_(1896_film).

Vampire film - Wikipedia: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vampire_film.

Horror film - Wikipedia: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Horror_film.

Link: IMDb: Genre: Horror.

Link: IMDb: "Vampire" Feature Films/Short Films.

59. The Kiss (1896)

1 min | Short, Romance

5.8
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Two people kiss.

Director: William Heise | Stars: May Irwin, John C. Rice

Votes: 2,361

{1896}: (aka The May Irwin Kiss) was the first film ever made of a couple kissing in cinematic history. It became the most popular film produced that year by Edison's film company, but was also notorious as one of the first films to be criticized as scandalous, and bringing demands for censorship.

The Kiss (1896 film) - Wikipedia: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Kiss_(1896_film).

60. La fée aux choux (1896)

1 min | Short, Family, Fantasy

5.2
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The first film directed by a female director, "The Cabbage Fairy" presents a brief fantasy tale involving a strange fairy who can produce and deliver babies coming out of cabbages. Gently ... See full summary »

Director: Alice Guy | Stars: Alice Guy, Germaine Serand, Yvonne Serand

Votes: 701

{1896}: Alice Guy-Blaché is generally acknowledged as the world's first female director in the motion picture industry (with France's Gaumont Film Company). Her first film was the one-minute in length fictional film 'La fée aux choux' (The Cabbage Fairy). Some historians consider it the first ever narrative fiction film.

Alice Guy-Blaché - Wikipedia: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alice_Guy-Blaché.

La Fée aux Choux - Wikipedia: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/La_Fée_aux_Choux.

61. Alice Guy-Blaché (1997 TV Movie)

Documentary

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A one-hour biographical documentary about Alice Guy-Blaché, one of the first women to direct films.

Director: Katja Raganelli | Stars: Daniele Legler, Eva Mattes

Related subject: Alice Guy-Blaché.

62. Le jardin oublié: La vie et l'oeuvre d'Alice Guy-Blaché (1995)

53 min | Documentary, Biography

7.3
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The story of forgotten silent filmmaker Alice Guy and her more than 700 films.

Director: Marquise Lepage | Stars: Alice Guy, Roberta Blaché, Adrienne Blaché-Channing, André Gaudreault

Votes: 54

Related subject: Alice Guy-Blaché.

63. Be Natural: The Untold Story of Alice Guy-Blaché (2017)

Documentary | Post-production

I am Alice Guy-Blaché, the first female film director. I made my first film in 1896 at age 23. I went on to write, direct, or produce more than 1,000 films.

Director: Pamela B. Green | Stars: Alice Guy, Evan Rachel Wood, Peter Billingsley, Jodie Foster

64. La magie Méliès (1997 TV Movie)

131 min | Documentary

7.3
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The Magic Of Melies

Director: Jacques Mény | Stars: Daniel Ceccaldi, Marina Moncade, Charles-Antoine Decroix, Abdul Alafrez

Votes: 176

{1897}: Georges Méliès creates Europe's first film studio.

Georges Méliès expanded development of film cinema with his own imaginative fantasy films. When the Lumiere brothers would not sell him a Cinematographe, he developed his own camera, and then set up Europe's first film studio in 1897. It was the first movie studio that used artificial illumination, a greenhouse-like structure that featured both a glazed roof and walls and a series of retractable blinds. It was an influential model on the development of future studios.

Georges Méliès - Wikipedia: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Georges_Méliès.

Link: IMDb: Feature Films released in 1897.

65. The Cinemagician, Georges Méliès (2012 Video)

16 min | Short

7.5
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Director: Barbara Toennies | Stars: Pauline Duclaud-Lacoste, Brian Selznick, Martin Scorsese, Serge Bromberg

Votes: 22

Related topic: Georges Méliès.

66. Georges Méliès: Cinema Magician (1978)

21 min | Documentary, Short, Biography

6.5
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Documentary on Georges Méliès life and works.

Directors: Luciano Martinengo, Patrick Montgomery | Star: Georges Méliès

Votes: 86

Related topic: Georges Méliès.

67. The Haverstraw Tunnel (1897)

Documentary, Short

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{1897}: The American Mutoscope Company's 'The Haverstraw Tunnel' became it's most popular film - it was the first 'phantom ride' film in which a camera was mounted on the front of a train, and recorded it's passage into a tunnel.

The Haverstraw Tunnel - Wikipedia: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Haverstraw_Tunnel.

Link: IMDb: American Mutoscope Company.

68. Visite sous-marine du Maine (1898)

1 min | Short, Drama, News

6.1
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The battleship Maine is blown up in Havana harbour during the Spanish-American War.

Director: Georges Méliès

Votes: 333

{1898}: This early documentary was the first film shot in Havana, Cuba at the location of the sunken warship.

USS Maine (ACR-1) - Wikipedia: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/USS_Maine_(ACR-1).

Link: IMDb: Feature Films Released in 1898.

69. King John (1899)

5 min | Short, Drama

5.0
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King John does whatever it takes to keep himself on the throne of England, making enemies of the pope, France, and his nephew along the way.

Directors: Walter Pfeffer Dando, William K.L. Dickson, Herbert Beerbohm Tree | Stars: Herbert Beerbohm Tree, Dora Tulloch, Charles Sefton, J. Fisher White

Votes: 327

{1899}: 'King John' (original title) is the first film adaptation of the work of William Shakespeare. Only one of the four scenes survives, King John's death scene.

King John (1899 film) - Wikipedia: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/King_John_(1899_film).

Link: IMDb: Feature Films Released in 1899.

70. Cripple Creek Bar-Room Scene (1899)

1 min | Western, Short

4.9
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    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 4.9/10 X  

A vignette of a barroom/liquor-store in the West, no plot per se. However this short is usually regarded as the first "Western" in the sense that it depicts a western scene.

Director: James H. White

Votes: 204

{1899}: Two of the earliest 'westerns' (or cowboy-related) films were both Edison Manufacturing Company films made at Black Maria. 'Cripple Creek Bar-Room Scene' and 'Poker at Dawson City' - featuring the 'first' western saloon setting.

Link: IMDb: Western Short Films Released No Later Than 1920.

Link: IMDb: Western Feature Films Released No Later Than 1920.

71. Poker at Dawson City (1899)

Short, Comedy, Western

5.2
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"A decided shady game. Shows a novel way of filling a bobtail flush. Game breaks up in a general scrimmage. The barkeeper cools off the fighters by the judicious use of a siphon of vichy."

Director: James H. White

Votes: 13

Related topic: Earliest Westerns.

72. Cinderella (1899)

6 min | Short, Drama, Fantasy

6.5
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A fairy godmother magically turns Cinderella's rags to a beautiful dress, and a pumpkin into a coach. Cinderella goes to the ball, where she meets the Prince - but will she remember to leave before the magic runs out?

Director: Georges Méliès | Stars: Barral, Bleuette Bernon, Carmely, Jeanne d'Alcy

Votes: 996

{1899}: Georges Méliès became the film industry's first film-maker to use artificially-arranged scenes to construct and tell a narrative story, with his most popular and influential film to date, 'Cendrillon' (aka Cinderella). He created about 500 films (one-reelers usually) over the next 15 years (few of which survived) and screened his own productions in his theater. Méliès wrote, designed, directed, and acted in hundreds of his own fairy tales and science fiction films, and developed techniques such as stop-motion photography, double and multiple-exposures, time-lapse photography, special effects such as disappearing objects, and dissolves/fades.

In late 1911, he contracted with French film company Pathé to finance and distribute his films, and then went out of business by 1913.

Cinderella (1899 film) - Wikipedia: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cinderella_(1899_film).

73. Einstein Revealed (1996 TV Movie)

105 min | Documentary, Biography

7.9
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A biographical study of Albert Einstein, with not only an analysis of his place in modern physics and in our understanding of the universe, but an analysis (through his and his wife's ... See full summary »

Director: Peter Jones | Stars: Andrew Sachs, F. Murray Abraham, Jürgen Renn, Robert Schulmann

Votes: 89

The 1900s: This decade opened the century with some amazing feats like the first flight by the Wright brothers, Henry Ford's first Model-T, and Einstein's Theory of Relativity. It also had hardships like the Boxer Rebellion and the San Francisco Earthquake. The 1900s also saw the introduction of the first silent movie and teddy bear.

1900s Timeline: //history1900s.about.com/od/timelines/tp/1900timeline.htm.

74. The Enchanted Drawing (1900)

2 min | Animation, Short, Comedy

7.1
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A cartoonist defies reality when he draws objects that become three-dimensional after he lifts them off his sketch pad.

Director: J. Stuart Blackton | Star: J. Stuart Blackton

Votes: 812

{1900}: Was the earliest surviving prototype of stop-motion animation. A Vitagraph Studios (aka: Vitagraph Company of America) short film that featured a drawn character and some objects. Produced by pioneering animator and film-maker James Stuart Blackton.

The Enchanted Drawing - Wikipedia: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Enchanted_Drawing.

Stop motion - Wikipedia: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stop_motion.

Most Popular "Stop Motion Animation" Animation Short Films/Feature Films - IMDb: http://www.imdb.com/search/title?genres=animation&keywords=stop-motion-animation&title_type=feature,short.

J. Stuart Blackton - Wikipedia: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/J._Stuart_Blackton.

Vitagraph Studios - Wikipedia: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vitagraph_Studios.

Link: IMDb: Vitagraph Company of America (aka: Vitagraph Studios).

Link: IMDb: Feature Films Released in 1900.

75. Scrooge; or Marley's Ghost (1901)

11 min | Short, Drama, Fantasy

5.6
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It's Christmas Eve. The miser Scrooge and his assistant Bob Cratchit finish their work in the office and go home. When Scrooge is going to open his front door, he sees the face of Marley's ... See full summary »

Director: Walter R. Booth | Star: Daniel Smith

Votes: 247

{1901}: The earliest known use of intertitles was in this British film.

Scrooge, or, Marley's Ghost - Wikipedia: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scrooge,_or,_Marley's_Ghost.

Link: IMDb: Feature Films Released in 1901.

76. A Trip to the Moon (1902)

TV-G | 13 min | Short, Adventure, Fantasy

8.2
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A group of astronomers go on an expedition to the Moon.

Director: Georges Méliès | Stars: Georges Méliès, Victor André, Bleuette Bernon, Brunnet

Votes: 34,050

{1902}: An illusionist and stage magician, and a wizard at special effects, Méliès exploited the new medium with a pioneering, 14-minute science fiction work, 'Le Voyage Dans la Lune' (A Trip to the Moon). It was his most popular and best-known work, with about 30 scenes called tableaux. He incorporated surrealistic special effects, including the memorable image of a rocketship landing and gouging out the eye of the 'man in the moon'. Méliès also introduced the idea of narrative storylines, plots, character development, illusion, and fantasy into film, including trick photography, hand-tinting, dissolves, wipes, 'magical' super-impositions and double exposures, the use of mirrors, trick sets, stop-motion, slow-motion and fade-outs/fade-ins.

A Trip to the Moon - Wikipedia: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/A_Trip_to_the_Moon.

Link: IMDb: Feature Films Released in 1902.

77. The Extraordinary Voyage (2011)

Not Rated | 60 min | Documentary

7.4
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A documentary that chronicles the cinematic journey of the iconic film A Trip to the Moon.

Directors: Serge Bromberg, Eric Lange | Stars: Costa-Gavras, Jean-Pierre Jeunet, Michel Gondry, Michel Hazanavicius

Votes: 343 | Gross: $0.04M

Related topic: Georges Méliès - 'A Trip to the Moon'-(1902 Short Film).

78. Hugo (2011)

PG | 126 min | Adventure, Drama, Family

7.5
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83 Metascore

In Paris in 1931, an orphan named Hugo Cabret who lives in the walls of a train station is wrapped up in a mystery involving his late father and an automaton.

Director: Martin Scorsese | Stars: Asa Butterfield, Chloë Grace Moretz, Christopher Lee, Ben Kingsley

Votes: 266,659 | Gross: $73.86M

Related topic: Georges Méliès.

Director Martin Scorsese pays homage to Georges Méliès, and others, the magic of cinema, and all it's attributes. The iconic image on the left, a homage to the Harold Lloyd starring, 'Safety Last!'-(1923).

Hugo (film) - Wikipedia: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hugo_(film).

79. Safety Last! (1923)

Not Rated | 70 min | Comedy, Thriller

8.2
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When a store clerk organizes a publicity stunt, in which a friend climbs the outside of a tall building, circumstances force him to make the perilous climb himself.

Directors: Fred C. Newmeyer, Sam Taylor | Stars: Harold Lloyd, Mildred Davis, Bill Strother, Noah Young

Votes: 14,566 | Gross: $0.62M

Related topic: Martin Scorsese's 'Hugo'-(2011).

80. Before the Nickelodeon: The Early Cinema of Edwin S. Porter (1982)

60 min | Documentary, Biography, History

6.5
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This documentary is produced by one of the world's foremost authorities and biographers of Edwin S. Porter. Since little is known of Porter's personal life, the emphasis here is on his ... See full summary »

Director: Charles Musser | Stars: Blanche Sweet, Jay Leyda, Rob Issen, Robert Sklar

Votes: 86

{1903}: Edwin S. Porter, chief of production at the Edison studio, helps to shift film production toward storytelling with such films as 'The Life of an American Fireman'-(1903) and 'The Great Train Robbery'-(1903).

Edwin S. Porter - Wikipedia: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edwin_S._Porter.

Link: IMDb: Feature Films Released in 1903.

81. Life of an American Fireman (1903)

Not Rated | 6 min | Short, Action

6.4
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Porter's sequential continuity editing links several shots to form a narrative of firemen responding to a house fire. They leave the station with their horse drawn pumper, arrive on the ... See full summary »

Directors: George S. Fleming, Edwin S. Porter | Stars: Vivian Vaughan, Arthur White, James H. White

Votes: 1,569

{1903}: Directed by Edwin S. Porter. This short film is often alleged to be the first American documentary, docudrama, fictionalized biopic or realistic narrative film, with non-linear continuity.

Life of an American Fireman - Wikipedia: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Life_of_an_American_Fireman.

82. The Great Train Robbery (1903)

TV-G | 11 min | Short, Action, Western

7.3
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A group of bandits stage a brazen train hold-up, only to find a determined posse hot on their heels.

Director: Edwin S. Porter | Stars: Gilbert M. 'Broncho Billy' Anderson, A.C. Abadie, George Barnes, Justus D. Barnes

Votes: 13,427

{1903}: One of the short-films featured on 'Before the Nicklelodeon: The Cinema of Edwin S. Porter'-(1982 Documentary).

A milestone in the development of cinema, and one of the first narrative films. Generally considered as the first 'true' Western. Martin Scorsese pays homage in his gangster epic, 'Goodfellas'-(1990), when Joe Pesci fires directly at the audience. Just as Justus D. Barnes did in 'The Great Train Robbery', and at the time, scaring the wits out of the audience in the process.

Edwin S. Porter - Wikipedia: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edwin_S._Porter.

The Great Train Robbery - Wikipedia: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Great_Train_Robbery_(1903_film).

Western (genre) - Wikipedia: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Western_(genre).

Link: IMDb: Genre: Western.

83. The Great Chase (1962)

77 min | Documentary

7.0
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Stars: Lillian Gish, Douglas Fairbanks, William S. Hart, Buster Keaton

Votes: 100

Related topic: Birth of the Chase - features 'The Great Train Robbery' (1903 Short Film).

84. Precious Images (1986)

8 min | Documentary, Short

7.7
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A cross-cut of nearly 100 years of American movies. We see the most precious film sequences that we all remember: From "Citizen Kane" to "Star Wars", from "Some like it hot" to "E.T.". The ... See full summary »

Director: Chuck Workman

Votes: 524

Features movie clips from {1903-1989}: History of American Movies.

85. Kitty Hawk: The Wright Brothers' Journey of Invention (2003 TV Movie)

115 min | Documentary

7.7
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KITTY HAWK definitively documents the gripping tale of hardship, perseverance and the true genius of Orville and Wilbur Wright. Follow the brothers through their epic and historic journey ... See full summary »

Director: David Garrigus | Stars: Neil Armstrong, Gary Bradshaw, Leonard Bruno, Darrell Collins

Votes: 11

{1903}: The Wright brothers, Orville Wright and Wilbur Wright, were two American brothers, inventors, and aviation pioneers who are generally credited with inventing, building, and flying the world's first successful airplane. They made the first controlled, sustained flight of a powered, heavier-than-air aircraft on December 17, 1903, four miles south of Kitty Hawk, North Carolina.

86. Le voyage à travers l'impossible (1904)

Not Rated | 24 min | Short, Adventure, Fantasy

7.7
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Using every known means of transportation, several savants from the Geographic Society undertake a journey through the Alps to the Sun which finishes under the sea.

Director: Georges Méliès | Stars: Georges Méliès, Fernande Albany, Jeanne d'Alcy, May de Lavergne

Votes: 2,534

{1904}: Georges Méliès releases the first two-reel film, (Le Voyage a Travers L'Impossible).

The Impossible Voyage / An Impossible Voyage - Wikipedia: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Impossible_Voyage.

Link: IMDb: Feature Films Released in 1904.

87. The Escaped Lunatic (1904)

Short, Comedy

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This is one of the most exciting and at the same time one of the most laughable subjects ever made. A lunatic confined in a barred cell, labors under the delusion that he is the Emperor ... See full summary »

Director: Wallace McCutcheon

{1904}: One of the first American films to be structured around the chase.

88. Rescued by Rover (1905)

7 min | Short, Drama, Family

6.7
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A dog leads its master to his kidnapped baby.

Directors: Lewin Fitzhamon, Cecil M. Hepworth | Stars: Blair, May Clark, Barbara Hepworth, Cecil M. Hepworth

Votes: 815

{1905}: The earliest cinematic canine feature. A British melodrama produced by Cecil Hepworth.

Rescued by Rover - Wikipedia: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rescued_by_Rover.

Link: IMDb: Feature Films Released in 1905.

89. Lyrisch nitraat (1991)

50 min | Documentary

7.1
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This film is a compilation of scenes from silent films made between 1905 and 1915 that sat in storage in an Amsterdam cinema for many years. The title refers to the deteriorating nitrate ... See full summary »

Director: Peter Delpeut | Stars: Lyda Borelli, Henny Porten, Anni Timm

Votes: 176

{1905-1915}: Archival footage.

90. Decasia (2002)

Not Rated | 70 min | Documentary

7.3
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67 Metascore

A meditation on the human quest to transcend physicality, constructed from decaying archival footage and set to an original symphonic score.

Director: Bill Morrison | Stars: Tsuru Aoki, Julia Calhoun, Margaret Cullington, William S. Hart

Votes: 747

Related topic: Archival footage.

91. The Story of the Kelly Gang (1906)

70 min | Biography, Crime, Drama

6.3
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True story of notorious Australian outlaw Ned Kelly (1855-80).

Director: Charles Tait | Stars: Elizabeth Tait, John Tait, Norman Campbell, Bella Cola

Votes: 423

{1906}: Directed by Charles Tait. According to most sources; the Australian, 'The Story of the Kelly Gang' (1906), is the first continuous, full-length narrative feature film. Only fragments of the film survive to this day.

The Story of the Kelly Gang - Wikipedia: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Story_of_the_Kelly_Gang.

Cinema of Australia - Wikipedia: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cinema_of_Australia.

Link: IMDb: Feature Films Released in 1906.

92. 40,000 Years of Dreaming (1997 TV Movie)

67 min | Documentary, History

7.2
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Australian born film maker George (Mad Max) Miller offers a personal view of Australian films. He suggests that they can be regarded as visual music, public dreaming, mythology, and ... See full summary »

Director: George Miller | Star: George Miller

Votes: 104

Related topic: History of Australian Cinema.

Film in Australia: //australia.gov.au/about-australia/australian-story/film-in-australia.

93. Humorous Phases of Funny Faces (1906)

3 min | Animation, Short, Comedy

6.2
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A cartoonist draws faces and figures on a blackboard - and they come to life.

Director: J. Stuart Blackton | Star: J. Stuart Blackton

Votes: 825

{1906}: The first animated cartoon is produced by Albert Edward Smith and James Stuart Blackton at Vitagraph. A very short section of the film, things are made to appear to move by altering the drawings themselves from frame to frame, which is how standard animated cartoons have since been made, up to today.

Humorous Phases of Funny Faces - Wikipedia: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Humorous_Phases_of_Funny_Faces.

94. Endangered Species (2006)

9 min | Documentary, Animation, Short

6.9
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An animated homage to the great, classical moments of animation's history.

Director: Tony White | Stars: Roy Edward Disney, Christopher Kent

Votes: 8

Related topic: Pays homage to 'Humorous Phases of Funny Faces'-(1906 Short Film) and other animation classics, over the years.

95. San Francisco: Aftermath of Earthquake (1906)

1 min | Documentary, Short, History

6.6
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Footage shot not long after the 1906 earthquake in San Francisco is edited together so that more than one scene and more than one vantage are included. We see fire raging. We see burned-out... See full summary »

Votes: 459

{1906}: The San Francisco earthquake of 1906 was a major earthquake that struck San Francisco and the coast of Northern California at 5: 12 a.m. on Wednesday, April 18, 1906. devastating fires broke out in the city that lasted for several days. As a result of the quake and fires, about 3.000 people died and over 80% of San Francisco was destroyed.

This film contains footage shot not long after the disaster.

1906 San Francisco earthquake - Wikipedia. //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1906_San_Francisco_earthquake.

96. San Francisco Earthquake & Fire: April 18, 1906 (1906)

13 min | Documentary, Short

6.1
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Footage of the aftermath of the great San Francisco earthquake, which struck on the morning of April 18, 1906, destroying a large part of the city.

Votes: 188

Related topic: (In 2005) the National Film Registry added this film, a newsreel documentary made soon after the San Francisco earthquake, to it's list of American films worthy of preservation.

97. The San Francisco Earthquake (1906)

14 min | Documentary, Short, History

7.0
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Footage of the devastation caused by the earthquake and fires that, in the words of Jack London, "completely destroyed" San Francisco on the morning of April 18th, 1906.

Director: J. Stuart Blackton

Votes: 40

Related topic.

98. Panoramic View of Market Street San Francisco After the Earthquake and Fire (1906)

Documentary, Short

7.5
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Votes: 11

Related topic. Produced by Carl F. Messing.

99. Panoramic View of San Francisco City Hall, Damaged by Earthquake (1906)

Documentary, Short

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Related topic. Produced by Carl F. Messing.

100. Panoramic View from Alamo Square of San Francisco While Burning (1906)

Documentary, Short

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Related topic. Produced by Carl F. Messing.